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6/1/13 Daily Princetonian: "Lee GS �99 named next U. provost, first Asian-American to hold post"
By Jean-Carlos Arenas
Economics and Wilson School professor David Lee GS �99 has been selected to serve as
the University�s next provost effective July 1, the University announced Wednesday morning.
Lee will be the first Asian-American to hold the post, as well as the highest-ranking Asian-
American in the University administration. He will succeed Christopher Eisgruber �83, who will
become the University�s 20th president on July 1.
5/29/13 Associated Press: "Syracuse jury: SUNY must pay ex-prof $600K in back wages"
By The Associated Press
Syracuse, N.Y. (AP) -- A federal jury has awarded $600,000 in back pay to a former college professor
in Central New York after ruling university officials retaliated against him for complaining about
The U.S. District Court jury in Syracuse sided with Jason Zhou (ZOH) in the dispute with the State
University of New York Institute of Technology in Marcy, where he worked as a finance professor from
2005 until he was denied reappointment in late 2006.
5/1/13 Chronicle of Higher Education: "Are Asian Americans Held Back by Stereotypes? Though Asian-
Americans and Pacific Islanders occupy a higher percentage of full-time, tenured faculty positions than
do other racial-minority groups, they represent a small percentage of the top leadership positions in
by Nick DeSantis
Though Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders occupy a higher percentage of full-time, tenured faculty
positions than do other racial-minority groups, they represent a small percentage of the top leadership
positions in higher education, according to a report released on Wednesday by the American Council on
According to the council�s data, 1.5 percent of college and university presidents are Asian-Americans
and Pacific Islanders. Though that group accounts for 7 percent of full-time, tenured faculty members,
Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders make up just 2 percent of chief academic officers and 3 percent
of academic deans.
4/28/13 Diverse Education: "Asian Pacific Americans Still Battling Stereotype of Not Being Assertive Enough to Lead"
by Lydia Lum
San Francisco � Although both of Dr. Lori Adrian�s parents were educators in their native Philippines,
she still describes her college presidency as an accident of sorts. Consider her life and career path:
3/21/13 Inside Higher Ed: "Academics born in India see growth in presidential ranks,"
by Kevin Kiley
Asians and Asian Americans make up 5.4 percent of all undergraduate teaching faculty in the country,
according to a 2011 survey by the Higher Education Research Institute at the University of California
Los Angeles. In a survey of presidents and chancellors by the American Council on Education also
released in 2011, Asian and Asian-Americans only made up 1.5 percent of those individuals.
11/7/11: Asian Americans are presidents of the following universities:
Butler University (Bobby Fong 2001 - 2011)
Dartmouth College (Jim Yong Kim, MD)
Northern Michigan University (Leslie "Les" E. Wong)
Seton Hall University (A. Gabriel Esteban)
State University of New York (Buffalo) (Satish K. Tripathi)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Chancellor) (Phyllis Wise)
University of Maryland at College Park, MD (Wallace D. Loh)
Asian Americans are provosts (vice-presidents) of these universities:
Miami University (Ohio) (Bobby Gempesaw)
University of California (San Diego) (Suresh Subramani)
University of Cincinnati (Santa Jeremy Ono)
1/2/13 Nature: "Asian researchers and engineers are too rarely made US science leaders,"
by Lilian Gomory Wu & Wei Jing
In 2009, Asians � defined as people from the Far East, southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent �
made up 78% of doctoral recipients with temporary visas who were planning to work in the United States.
Across all sectors, Asians in US science, technology, engineering and math ( STEM) careers are not
reaching leadership positions at the same rate as white people, or even as members of other
In academia, just 42% of Asian men are tenured, compared with 58% of white men, 49% of black men
and 50% of Hispanic men. Just 21% of Asian women in academia are tenured, the lowest proportion for
any ethnicity or gender. They are also least likely to be promoted to full professor.
The industrial and federal workforces reflect similar numbers. Asian men are doing better than Asian
women in reaching managerial positions in industry, but their numbers are lower than those for men of
other races and ethnicities. Just 4% of Asian women in industry and 28% in the federal workforce hold
managerial positions, again the smallest percentage for any ethnicity or gender.
Asians are almost absent at the very top of US companies. The company Leadership Education for
Asian Pacifics, based in Los Angeles, California, reported in 2010 that there were just ten Asians or
Pacific Islanders among the chairs, presidents and chief executives of the 500 biggest US firms; only
three of them were women.
Why the disparity? It may be down to cultural behaviors, and Western interpretation of these behaviors.
Asians are often stereotyped as a 'model minority': hardworking and patient, family oriented, good at
math and science and having a strong work ethic, but also humble, non-confrontational and lacking the
passion to be charismatic leaders. Worse yet, a work group of the US government's Equal Employment
Opportunity Commission reports that Asians are often perceived as 'forever foreign', which can affect
how others assess their ability to communicate, their competence and, more importantly, their
Good leadership has a cultural dimension. In east Asia, for example, effective leadership is measured
by what managers do rather than by what they say, no matter how passionately they speak. A manager
in charge of bringing out a product there would work day and night to get it out on time and free of defects.
Communication skills are generally less important in this model. The idea in the United States that east
Asians lack passion and opinions comes from cultural perceptions of their behavior: in discussions,
east Asians tend to respond slowly, taking time to listen to what is being said and thus giving the
appearance to Americans that they are not engaged, are passive and have no opinion. These differences
can easily lead to unintended biases.
The problem may go beyond verbal communication. Grant applications to the US National Science
Foundation from Asian principal investigators between 2004 and 2011 have been consistently funded
in lower proportions than those from black, Hispanic and white principal investigators, which suggests
that differences in writing styles may lead to biases. For example, east Asians' humble demeanor could
cause them to describe the implications of their research in modest terms, which might bring them lower
ratings from reviewers.
For full story, see
10/23/12 Examiner.com: "Dr. Santa Ono named University of Cincinnati's 28th president,"
by: Marc Hoover
Santa Ono has been named the 28th president of the University of Cincinnati after former president
Greg Williams abruptly resigned. Williams left the university after several disagreements with the
U.C. Board of Trustees.
8/14/12 Harvard Crimson: "GSAS Appoints Xiao-Li Meng as New Dean,"
By Laya Anasu
Xiao-Li Meng, who as chair of the statistics department increased the concentration�s popularity
among undergraduates and raised the profile of its graduate students, has been appointed dean
of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
3/12/12 Chronicle of Higher Education: "Survey Finds a Drop in Minority Presidents Leading Colleges,"
By Jack Stripling
Meet the new boss. Same as the old boss.
In a troublingly stagnant portrait, the latest national survey of college presidents finds a profession
dominated by white men who have hardly changed in more than a quarter century. They're just older.
3/6/12 Medscape: "'Linsanity' in Surgical Oncology? Asian American Bias Under Scrutiny"
by Nick Mulcahy
There are many Asian Americans in academic departments of surgery in the United States, but only a
scant few have achieved the top leadership position of department chair, according to a study published
in the March issue of the Annals of Surgery.
Of 383 academic departments of surgery, 8 are chaired by Asian Americans (2.1%), reports study
author Don Nakayama, MD, MBA, chair of the Department of Surgery at the Mercer University School of
Medicine in Macon, Georgia.
This is a low percentage given the fact that Asian Americans comprise 10.8% to 12.2% of all surgical
faculty members, and that Asian Americans have shown great talent in the field; they are the principal
investigators of nearly 20% of all National Institutes of Health (NIH)-supported grants in surgery, according
to the study.
2/3/12 Philadelphia Inquirer: "Ursinus' Fong a rare Asian American college president,"
By Jeff Gammage
Ursinus College made a highly unusual move when it named Bobby Fong its president last year.
Not because of his qualifications - he's brilliant, educated at Harvard, editor of a volume of poetry, a world
authority on Oscar Wilde.
It was unusual because Fong is Chinese American. And in the United States, Asians rarely get to be
4/27/10 The Stanford Daily: "Report on faculty sheds light on demographics,"
by Elizabeth Titus
Of the University�s 1,908 faculty members, 290 are Asian as of September 2009, an increase since 1999 and 2004. according to this year�s Report on the Faculty, an annual study by the provost�s office about hiring, loss and demographics. At Stanford, about one in four faculty is female and about one in five is a person of color.
�The faculty as whole grows slowly,� Patricia Jones, the vice provost for faculty development said. During last year�s study period, the faculty grew 1.9 percent to 1,908 members, an average rate in �recent years.� That net growth came from 100 hires and 65 departures.
The report also examined tenure rates by gender and ethnicity. Among faculty up for tenure between 1995 and 2002, 85.5 percent of women and 79.3 percent of men received tenure. 82.4 percent of Asian faculty, 74.3 percent of under-represented minorities and 83.3 percent of non-minority faculty who were up for tenure between 1989 and 2002 received it.
For non-tenure line faculty up for tenure between 1995 and 2002, women�s and men�s rates were nearly level, at 53.5 percent and 53.7 percent respectively. Between 1989 and 2002, 52.5 percent of Asian faculty, 39.4 percent of under-represented minorities and 53.5 percent of non-minorities got tenure. The data are from an internal database of the Faculty Affairs division of the provost�s office, Jones said.
4/12/10 Boston Globe: "Harvard Corporation elects leading lawyer: Commitment to innovation is Lee�s priority,"
By James F. Smith
Harvard University announced yesterday that William F. Lee, a nationally known Boston lawyer with deep roots in the university, has been elected to the Harvard Corporation, the institution�s principal governing body.
Lee, who is co-managing partner of the Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr law firm that employs 1,000 lawyers, will join the seven-member Harvard Corporation July 1, when James R. Houghton, 73, its longest-serving member, steps down after 15 years of service.
Lee, twice named one of the 100 most influential lawyers in America by the National Law Journal, graduated from Harvard in 1972 and taught courses at Harvard Law School for about five years. He served for six years on the Harvard Board of Overseers, the 30-member consultative body elected by university alumni.
In a phone interview yesterday, Lee noted that as a Board of Overseers member he served on two joint committees with the corporation � the audit committee and the presidential search committee that chose Drew Gilpin Faust to succeed Lawrence Summers in 2007 � so he has worked with the seven current members of the corporation, which is led by Faust and picks new members when vacancies occur.
Lee said his overriding priority will be to keep all the institutions that make up Harvard innovative.
�Harvard is the most unique and extraordinary institution in the world,�� he said, �but . . . there�s also a lot of inertia that comes from age and traditions.��
Lee said his years of focus on intellectual property legal issues have made clear to him �there is nothing more important than the area of science and technology,�� and he would work to make sure that Harvard is at the forefront of both those fields.
The corporation oversees Harvard�s finances, and has come under fire for failing to anticipate and deal with the plunge in Harvard�s endowment during the recession.
Two Harvard professors, Fred Abernathy and Harry Lewis, wrote in a Globe column in December that the Harvard Corporation �is a dangerous anachronism. It failed its most basic fiduciary and moral responsibilities. Some of its members should resign.��
They said the corporation is �too small, too closed, and too secretive to be intensely self-critical, as any responsible board must be.��
Lee, a Philadelphia-born son of Chinese immigrants who came to the United States in 1948, was named one of the 50 most influential minority lawyers in the United States in 2008 by the National Law Journal.
�I grew up at a time when being Chinese was a little bit harder than it is today,�� he said. �My parents came to the US when Chinese could not become naturalized citizens.��
He said he recalled sitting with his parents when they bought their first house and waiting anxiously to learn whether they would be accepted by the neighborhood association.
�My father once told me to be proud that you are Chinese and don�t forget it, because nobody else ever will,�� he said.
Lee, an avid runner who just turned 60 and lives in Wellesley, has sent two of his children to Harvard and his two brothers teach at Harvard Medical School.
He said he fully supports the steps over the past decade to make Harvard a more global organization, �and more importantly to make the student body more global.��
From 1987-89, Lee served as associate counsel to Independent Counsel Lawrence E. Walsh in the Iran-Contra investigation, which led to several convictions of Reagan Administration officials.
Lee co-leads one of the country�s leading law firms, a nearly $1 billion enterprise. He was managing partner of Hale and Dorr from 2000 to 2004, when it merged with Wilmer, Cutler and Pickering. He also is on the new board of the Broad Institute, the cutting-edge genomic medicine institute in Cambridge.
3/31/10 New York Times: �Sports of The Times: For Butler�s President, Excellence Is Expected,�
by William C. Rhoden
As the first American-born child of Chinese immigrants, Bobby Fong, the Butler University
president, learned math by computing baseball statistics. He learned about the United States
by studying the game of baseball.
�Baseball was my introduction to American life,� Fong said Tuesday in a telephone
interview. �I�m an immigrant�s son; I didn�t speak English much until I began kindergarten.�
He grew up in Oakland, Calif., and when the Dodgers and the Giants relocated to Los Angeles
and San Francisco in 1958, Fong could not understand what all the fuss was about.
�Everybody was raving about Duke Snider and Willie Mays,� Fong said. �I raised my hand
one day in class and asked, �What�s baseball?� �
The teacher explained to Fong that if he wanted to understand American life, he needed to
learn about baseball. �I did and I�ve been overcompensating ever since,� he said.
Today, Fong has a new passion: college basketball. Fong has discovered how a winning
basketball team can move a university into a national spotlight � for all of the right reasons.
Butler has become the inspirational face of March Madness. The team�s success has had
instant impact. �In the last few days we�ve had trouble keeping the admission Web site up,�
he said. �It crashed at least once.�
What makes the N.C.A.A. tournament fascinating are the contrasts. Saturday�s national
semifinal game between Butler and Michigan State offers a stark contrast.
Butler has an undergraduate enrollment of 3,900, Michigan State about 35,000. Butler
Coach Brad Stevens, 33, who quit his job at Eli Lilly, a pharmaceuticals manufacturer, to
become a volunteer assistant at Butler, is making his first Final Four appearance. Tom Izzo, 55,
has taken Michigan State to six Final Fours in the last 12 seasons, winning a national
championship in 2000.
Stevens earns a reported $750,000; Izzo�s salary is estimated at $2.8 million a year.
The decision facing Fong, probably sooner than later, is whether to break the bank to keep
Stevens when larger programs come calling.
Both of Fong�s parents died before he entered college, giving him a different perspective
about money versus happiness and security.
�I always needed to worry about where the next dollar was going to come from,� he said.
�I don�t think there�s anything wrong with worrying about how to be secure economically.
It may be a necessary thing, but it�s not the sufficient thing. There are things that ultimately will
make for satisfaction in life that go far beyond that.�
Fong, the Butler president since 2001, said Stevens had created a legacy there that could
be as good as gold.
�However long he stays, he doesn�t have to leave simply for the cash,� Fong said. �All of us
want to leave a legacy, and the nature of that legacy may be more important than simply being
comfortable beyond a certain level. Once you hit a million, the difference between one million
and four is numbers. What Tom Izzo has at Michigan State is a legacy. That�s really by far the
more valuable thing.�
We shall see.
The difference between the Michigan States and the Butlers of the world is the ability to
consistently be among the last teams standing in late March.
Sometimes a university is so smitten by the sweet taste of success that it cuts corners and
makes concessions and exceptions to its core values. Sometimes the concession is whom
you hire as coach. Sometimes it is whom you accept as student-athletes.
�We work from the presumption that there should be not a gap between academic
excellence and athletic excellence,� Fong said. �Our promise to our students is that if we
admit you, we believe that you are capable of getting a degree from Butler University. It�s not
that we�re trying to keep people out. We expect students to hit the ground running. We don�t
have any developmental or remedial courses. The expectation is that you are here to be a
Fong received an undergraduate degree in English from Harvard and his doctorate in
English literature from U.C.L.A. It was at U.C.L.A. that he began a continuing passion for the
work of Oscar Wilde.
He continues to be a passionate baseball card collector, and his soul is found in the
classroom. �My real job is being a professor of literature,� Fong said.
Butler has become a compelling narrative, a midmajor university that, from all appearances
has successfully married academic and athletic aspirations.
�My students will never forget being part of this experience at Butler University,� Fong said.
�It�s going to be tied into the stories they tell of their own lives going forward. Those memories
are going to warm them in hard times.�
Even then this moment will be difficult to comprehend: the Butler Bulldogs in the Final Four.
11/10/09 Harvard Magazine:
"Faculty Diversity Developments,"
Press: "UNM Names New Dean for Fine Arts College
5/31/02 The Daily Northwestern: "NU hires 10 black profs. Total of
5/31/02 Sacramento Bee: "Jury rejects
race as factor in UC Davis scientists
5/1/02 The Amherst Student: "Chemistry hires new professor with
vacated by Assistant Professor of Chemistry David Padowitz when he left
Amherst last year after being passed over for tenure. Upon being hired,
Leung was immediately granted a tenured position as a full professor.
Leung is currently an associate professor at Mount Holyoke College. The
last professor to be hired by the College as a fully tenured professor was
Professor of Political Science Uday Mehta, who was hired in 2000.
An acclaimed researcher in the field of physical chemistry, Leungs
expertise is in small molecule gas spectroscopy. She is the author of many
journal articles, some of which she co-authored with her undergraduate
"Professor Leung is a physical chemist whose work has won her national
recognition, whose creative and innovative teaching has earned her
accolades from faculty and students, and who is just a tremendously
wonderful human being," said Professor of Chemistry Patricia OHara, the
chair of the department. "We count ourselves incredibly lucky to have her join
In most cases, newly hired members of the faculty are given the position
of assistant professor, a tenure-track position. After three years, they are
considered for renewal and are considered for tenure three years after that.
Once the chemistry department decided to offer Leung the position, an ad
hoc committee was formed to determine the title Leung would be offered.
The committee recommended to Dean of the Faculty Lisa Raskin and the
Committee of Six that Leung be granted a full professorship.
"We wouldnt get someone like Helen without [a tenure offer]," said Gerety.
"You bring leadership into a department. You bring in somebody whose
success you can know. [Offering tenure to a new hire] is the exception, not
the rule," he said. "On a more personal note, I have been at Amherst for
almost 20 years and this will be the first time that I will have a senior woman
colleague in chemistry," said OHara. "Im more than thrilled."
Currently, Leungs research work is being funded both by the National
Science Foundation and the Dreyfus Foundation, both highly reputed
organizations. Members of the Colleges student advisory group, headed by
Philip Chau 02, interviewed Leung and recommended her as the top
candidate in the applicant pool.
Born in Hong Kong, Leung received her undergraduate degree from
California State University (CSU) at Northridge in 1983, where she majored
in biology and chemistry. She received her Ph.D. in physical chemistry from
Harvard University, where she studied under renowned chemist William
Klemperer. She completed a year of postdoctoral work at the Harvard
Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, before gaining professorship at
Williams College, and then ultimately moving on to Mount Holyoke in recent
years. She is the wife of Professor of Chemistry Mark Marshall.
Reno, Nev. - Joann Lee, an experienced broadcast journalist directing the
journalism program at a college in New York City, was hired Thursday as new
dean of the University of Nevada's journalism school.
Lee, currently at Queens College City University, was the first Asian
American hired for on-air television news in Sacramento, at KXTV. She also
has worked at stations in Chicago and Philadelphia as well as CNN's New
She will succeed William Slater as the new dean of the Reynolds School
of Journalism at the University of Nevada, Reno. Slater left the university
earlier this month to become dean of the College of Communications at
Texas Christian University.
Born in Hong Kong, Lee grew up in New York City on Manhattan's Lower
East Side. She attended Columbia University and the City College of New
York. She is the author of ``Asian Americans,'' ``Asian American Actors,''
and a novel, ``Virtual Escape.''
Princeton University added award-winning Korean-American author
Chang-rae Lee to its faculty Saturday. The board of trustees appointed Lee
to Princeton's Humanities Council and creative writing program. The
appointment takes effect July 1.
Lee, 36, joins acclaimed authors including Toni Morrison and Joyce Carol
Oates at Princeton.
``It's not about prestige,'' Lee said in a phone interview Saturday. ``It really is
about artistic possibility and inspiration for me. I almost feel as though I'm in a
situation that's close to what a Princeton student might feel, who wants to work
with these writers.''
Lee first caught the publishing world's attention in 1995 with his debut novel
``Native Speaker,'' which won the Ernest Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award
and the American Book Award.
The book is narrated by a young New Yorker who works for a private
intelligence agency and has been assigned to spy on a Korean-American
Lee followed with another novel, ``A Gesture Life,'' the story of an elderly
medic who remembers treating Korean ``comfort women'' during World War II.
That book won awards including the Anisfeld-Wolf Prize in Fiction and the
Asian-American Literary Award.
Professor Paul Muldoon, director of the creative writing program, described
Lee as ``a great writer, a great teacher and, as luck would have it, a great
``The program has been arguably the best in the country,'' Muldoon said in a
prepared statement. ``With the arrival of Chang-rae Lee, it is unarguably the
best in the country.''
Lee's writings explore themes of identity, belonging and assimilation. His
family moved to the United States from Korea when he was 3, settling in
Westchester, New York.
He is finishing his third novel, which could be out early next year.
Before becoming a writer, Lee worked as an equities analyst on Wall Street.
He received a master of fine arts degree in creative writing from the University
of Oregon in 1993, and stayed on as a faculty member.
In 1998, he became the director of MFA Program in Creative Writing at
Hunter College of the City University of New York. He was an Old Dominion
Fellow of the Humanities Council at Princeton last fall.
``I'm not a teacher who also writes books. I'm a writer who talks about his
work, his craft and his ideas about language,'' Lee said. ``That's the only way
you can learn from someone who's a practicing artist.''
of Minority Hires Remains Low
At UC Berkeley: Proposition 209 May Be Partly Responsible,"
The number of minority faculty hired by UC Berkeley continues to remain low,
a lingering effect of Proposition 209's passage in 1996, according to some
professors. Currently, minority ladder-rank faculty, who are either already
tenured or on the tenure track, make up 16% of the university's overall faculty.
Out of the 64 faculty hires in the 2001-02 academic year, 11 were Asian
American and one was Latino. Percentages of underrepresented minorities -
blacks, Latinos, and Native Americans - show a steep drop in faculty hires.
In the five years before Prop. 209, underrepresented minorities constituted
11% of faculty hires. Five years later, the figure decreased by 7%, according
to a 2000 report of the chancellor's advisory committee on diversity.
Vice Provost for Academic Affairs Jan de Vries pointed to the low numbers
as merely a continuation of the lack of minority faculty hires even before the
passage of Prop. 209. "It never was good, and it isn't good now," he said.
Statistics show UC Berkeley has hired an average of five underrepresented
minority faculty members in ladder-rank positions per year in the past 10 years.
The Faculty Equity Assistance Office, in the Chancellor's office, reviews
faculty outreach and recruitment and recommends new programs to diversify
faculty. Its July 2000 report recommended departments be held principally
accountable. "No amount of energy at the campus level will be effective to
promote diversity if changes are not felt directly at the 'local' level where key
personnel decisions are made," according to the report. Departments initiate
the hiring process by requesting faculty positions from the division dean, and
the request eventually makes its way to the academic senate.
"The decentralized nature of hiring in Berkeley through departments makes
it difficult to do things from the chancellor's office," said Charles Henry, former
vice associate provost for faculty equity and chair of the African American
studies department. "You really need advocates in each department that are
going to monitor the search process and advocate for diversity."
De Vries attributed the low numbers of minority faculty hires to the
competitive marketplace and low numbers of minority doctorates, rather than
the lack of UC's commitment to diversity. Oftentimes, he said, UC Berkeley
must compete with other high-ranking universities for qualified minority
candidates. While approximately 80% of the faculty offers made to
nonminority candidates are accepted, only about 50% of offers to minority
candidates are accepted, he said. "If private schools are more attractive to
some people because of the prestige, then there isn't much we can do about
it," said John McWhorter, a UC Berkeley linguistics professor said.
But others related the lower acceptance rate for minority candidates to
whether UC Berkeley is an inviting place for minority faculty. They said the
lack of numbers in minority faculty makes it difficult to develop a sense of
community on campus. "If the 'old boys network' don't feel comfortable with
you, and you're giving off signs that you don't feel comfortable with them, then
you get excluded," said Angelica Stacy, associate vice provost for faculty
De Vries also cited the lack of minorities earning doctorates nationwide
as another barrier to finding qualified minority candidates. "If the pipeline
isn't filling up, who are we going to hire in 10 years," he questioned.
But according to an annual census of new doctorate recipients,
percentages of doctorates awarded to minority groups are steadily rising.
In 2000, racial and ethnic minority groups earned over 16% of all doctorates
awarded to U.S. citizens, "the largest percentage ever." The 4,389 doctorates
awarded in 2000 to racial and ethnic minorities illustrate a 25.1% increase
from 1995 and an 86% increase from 1990, according to the University of
Chicago's National Opinion Research Center.
The numbers of minority faculty hires at UC Berkeley don't correlate with
the numbers of qualified graduate students who are earning their doctorates,
said ASUC Academic Affairs Vice President Catherine Ahn.
But the numbers of doctorates awarded to racial and ethnic minorities vary
according to academic fields. According to the National Science Foundation,
the numbers of blacks and Latinos earning doctorates in science and
engineering in 2000 equaled nearly half the number of whites earning
doctorates in science and engineering that year.
While Dartmouth compares favorably
with its peer institutions, only 44 of the
arts and science faculty's 355 members -- or 12.4% -- are minorities. Among
the 265 professors who hold tenure, only 19 -- or 7.1% -- are non-white.
No one has any definitive explanation for the racial disparities among those
who hold tenure, but observers point to an absence of strong mentoring
programs for young minority professors, disproportionate demands on the time
of instructors of color and a system in which academic programs that employ
many minorities do not make tenure decisions.
Some say the College offers inadequate mentoring for junior faculty of color,
a failure that, these critics argue, leads to intellectual isolation. "As far as I know,
I could be the only tenured Asian humanist on campus," Chinese professor
Hua-yuan Mowry said, who has been at the College since 1975. "Who do I
discuss my work with?"
Faculty of color may face special barriers because many are hired into
programs such as African and African-American studies, Asian and Middle
Eastern studies and Native American studies that are inter-disciplinary in their
approach. Tenure decisions, however, are made by departments whose
members often judge a candidate's scholarship from the perspective of one
particular discipline and are sometimes unsure of how to evaluate
While Dartmouth does compare favorably with its peer institutions when it
comes to black faculty, strikingly few Asian professors -- a minority group that
is well-represented at most institutions of higher education -- hold tenured jobs
at the College. Indeed, only four Asian faculty members held tenure as of last
year, compared with a comparatively higher number of nine blacks and six
Mowry attributed the under-representation of tenured Asian faculty to an
unsupportive environment that causes high attrition rates. "Culturally, it's a very
difficult place," she said. "Sympathetic understanding from your faculty and
deans is very important, and I feel that's lacking." Harris agreed that the College
has to work hard to recruit and retain more faculty from Asian backgrounds.
"I think that's one of the main issues for us," he said.
Excerpts from Harvard Magazine, March/April '02, "Faculty Diversity," by Cathy A.
Trower, senior research associate, and Richard P. Chait, director of the Project
on Faculty Appointments at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. Chait is
also professor of higher education. (http://www.harvard-magazine.com/on-line/030218.html)
Colleges in general are now far more diverse than three decades ago. In 1971,
42% of undergraduates were women, versus 56% in 2001; 8.4% were African
Americans, now 11%; and 2.8% were Hispanic, now 8%. In 1976, 1.8% of
college enrollees were Asian Americans; now the number stands at 6%.
Despite 30 years of affirmative action, and contrary to public perceptions,
the American faculty profile, especially at preeminent universities, remains
largely white and largely male.
Women currently represent 36% of full-time faculty compared to 23% in the
early 1970s. Although this represents a very substantial gain nationwide, women
constitute only 25% of the full-time faculty at research universities, versus 10%
in 1970. Faculty of color remain a very small part of the professoriate. (Whites
constituted 95% of all faculty members in 1972 and 83% in 1997.) Most of the
growth in minority participation has been by Asian Americans, from 2.2% in
1975 to 4.5% in 1997. The percentage of African-American faculty members at
all levels has been remarkably stagnant--4.4% in 1975 and 5% in 1997--and
almost half of all black faculty teach at historically black colleges. The increase in
Hispanic faculty has also been slow: from 1.4% in 1975 to 2.8% in 1997.
Minorities earned 16% of the master's degrees and 18.6% of the doctorates in
2000. Whites accounted for 79.3% of all earned doctorates in 2000, followed by
Asians at 7.8%; other minority groups combined accounted for 10.8%. Blacks
were most represented in education (12.4%)--and were underrepresented
in most arts and sciences fields--while Asians earned 17.5% of engineering
Still, the relative scarcity of persons of color with doctorates does not entirely
explain the lack of progress for minority faculty. The number of minority faculty
increased considerably between 1983 and 1993--by 44%. But the percentage
increase was much less dramatic--from 9.3% to 12.2%, mostly attributable to
gains by Asian Americans.
Table 10: PERCENT OF DOCTORAL DEGREES IN 2000, BY RACE
Table 12: PERCENT FULL-TIME FACULTY, BY RACE AND INSTITUTIONAL TYPE, 1992
1/29/02 The Dartmouth: "Students demand Asian Am. studies,"
an Asian American Studies program at Dartmouth. "A lot of people are under
the impression that Asian American Studies is the same thing as Asian Studies.
That's one of the stereotypes we're trying to combat, the concept that Asian
Americans are perpetual foreigners," Chu said. The Class of 2005 has the
largest number of Asian and Asian-American students in Dartmouth history.
Currently, there are two courses dealing specifically with Asian American
issues in the history department and two in the English department. At Columbia,
Brown, Cornell and the University of Pennsylvania, students can already opt
to major in Asian American studies.
4/19/01 Tufts newspaper: "Harvard hires Sugata Bose, Tufts' South Asian center founder," Professor Sugata Bose, highly regarded for implementing Tufts' program in South Asian studies, will be leaving Tufts at the end of this semester to accept an endowed chair at Harvard. Bose said he hopes to build a South Asian studies curriculum at Harvard modeled after the Tufts program. Bose will be the first South-Asian historian to fill Harvard's Gardiner Chair in Oceanic History and Affairs - a position which has remained unoccupied for over two decades. Bose was given a fully tenured professorship. "Harvard does not have a South Asian center - it has more of a focus on East Asia and the Middle East," Bose said. 4/16/01 Yale Daily News: "Law School tenures first minority female professor," The Yale Law School appointed Amy Chua to a tenured position. Chua, whose work focuses on international development in Asia, will be the first woman of color to become a tenured non-clinical faculty member at the law school. Chua's main areas of focus include development, markets, and democracy in developing countries, particularly in Asia. Chua will be the Law School's first female minority tenured professor. April 13-19, 2001 AsianWeek.com: APAHE Goes National: Coalition addresses myriad of issues. In 1998 API faculty comprised 9% of the University of California at Berkeley faculty, while API students were 39.4% of the population, according to a recent report to Berkeleys Chancellor Robert Berdahl entitled "Asian Pacific Americans at Berkeley: Visibility and Marginality." Over 400 professors, staff and students from across the country attended the first national Asian Pacific Americans in Higher Education (APAHE) conference, held at the Miyako Hotel in San Francisco April 6-8, 2001. Gene Awakani is an APAHE co-president. The keynote speaker was Bob Suzuki, president of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. APIs make up 5% of the national faculty, but less than 2% of its administrators. At last years conference, APAHE led Asian American communities in demanding freedom and justice for Dr. Wen Ho Lee, who was branded a spy for China and later exonerated by a federal judge. The group organized a boycott by urging all Asian American college graduates not to apply for jobs at the national laboratories operated by the U.S. Department of Energy as long as Lee was held without a trial. Next years conference will be held in New York, and a proposal for a research center focusing specifically on Asian Americans in higher education at UCLA is on the table.
3/26/01 Yale Daily News, "Defining diversity down: the job left undone," Yale College will have no minority masters next year and the University has hired embarrassingly few women, black, Asian, or Hispanic professors in the last four years. In the last four years, the proportion of women on the ladder faculty -- including assistant, associate and full professors and Gibbs instructors -- has increased a paltry 2.1%; black faculty 0.3%; Asian faculty 1.5%; and Hispanic faculty a woeful 0.2%. In the last year, three vacancies in residential college masterships were created and filled by ladder faculty -- all white, all male. The departure of Davenport College Master Gerald Thomas next year will leave the University with no college masters of an underrepresented minority and only three women. Of the 1,604 ladder faculty at Yale in 2000-2001, 25.8% were women, 2.8% black, 8.2% Asian and 1.9% Hispanic. 3/23/2001 Boston Globe: "Race a focus in med-school matches," In surveys, minority medical students are three times more likely than whites to say their goal is to serve poor communities, which may make them less likely to stay on at medical schools and teaching hospitals where they could mentor students and help ensure that minority patients are treated fairly. The problem was on the agenda yesterday as 23,981 medical students across the country and around the world ripped open envelopes to find out their assignments to internships, the first and most grueling year of medical apprenticeship. The results also looked good to Dr. Nancy Oriol, associate dean for student affairs, one of several administrators who are making minority faculty recruitment a top priority: 51% of this year's minority graduates will go on to Harvard-affiliated hospitals such as Beth Israel Deaconess, up from 10% last year. A lot of the Harvard hospitals made an effort to woo minority graduates this year. The Association of American Medical Colleges, which runs the Match Day program, does not keep track of race in the process, so there are no national statistics on how many black, Hispanic, and American Indian students - those designated underrepresented by medical schools - get their first choice. But the AAMC, too, has raised concerns, publishing a study last year that found minority faculty advanced at slower rates and prompting an editorial in the Journal of the American Medical Association calling on schools to recruit more aggressively and make faculty positions more inviting for minority doctors, in part by placing more value on research and clinical work focused on underserved patients. 3/1/01 Yale Daily News: "Data show faculty is slow to diversify Number of women and minorities creeps upward,": University figures describing the makeup of the faculty show that at the beginning of the 2000-2001 academic year, Yale had 1,604 ladder faculty, which includes assistant, associate and full professors, and Gibbs instructors. Of those, 25.8% were women, 2.8% black, 8.2% Asian and 1.9% Hispanic.